Dandruff is a skin disease; it occurs regardless of gender or age. Dandruff tends to come back, and the large visibility of symptoms is a fairly big aesthetic problem. Thanks to modern treatments, you can get rid of dandruff forever. Patients with dandruff must pay attention to the daily care of the scalp and ensure a diet.

Causes of dandruff

Yeast has a direct impact on the appearance of skin lesions. They are located on the surface of each person’s skin, but in some situations, excessive multiplication occurs, as well as inflammation. Dandruff can also be a sign for seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, eczema, dry skin, and hormonal disorders. Stress, poor diet and poor scalp care can also contribute to dandruff. People often get dandruff from others, how already have this problem, or by using the same items, e.g. comb. Strong chemicals, contained in cosmetics, can also cause an allergic reaction and worsen the dandruff symptoms.

Dandruff

Dandruff

Types of dandruff

Doctors distinguish several types of dandruff:

  1. dry: the most common type, that occurs as a result of skin irritation from strong cosmetics. The causes may also include ringworm or psoriasis.
  2. greasy (seborrheic): this type is usually found on people with an oily scalp. These are ideal conditions for the development of fungi, which multiply. Oily dandruff is characterized by itching and redness and is a common cause of hair loss.
  3. mottles: yeast is the cause of this disease. Patients have large scaly areas and excessive hair loss.

Dandruff and hair loss

Doctors emphasize that in many cases, dandruff is the cause of hair loss. We are talking particularly about oily dandruff, which significantly weakens the condition of the hair. The hair growth cycle disorder appears, and the telogen phase increases. This means a shortening of the growth phase. Hair also falls out as a result of scalp scratching. However, remember that dandruff and hair loss do not always go hand in hand. There are many cases where dandruff does not cause excessive hair loss.

Symptoms of dandruff

Symptoms of the disease include white, greasy fragments of dead skin, that are visible on the hair, clothing and arms. These fragments may be small or large. Exfoliation of the skin is accompanied by itching of the head and seborrhoea, which may increase periodically. Children between 6 and 10 years of age, adolescents and people up to 25 years, are most at risk of dandruff. For older people, dandruff is less common. The disease appears more for men, because male hormones cause more sebum.

dandruff symptoms

dandruff symptoms

Diagnostics

With the problem of dandruff, we can go to a trichologist or dermatologist. Most often, based on the medical history, it is possible to make an accurate diagnosis and plan the treatment. A trichogram, or trichoscopy, may be performed to detect the stage of the disease. With the trichogram, you can examine hair samples with bulbs and check the degree of hair damage. Trichoscopy, on the other hand, means that you can see enlarged skin lesions. Scalp examinations are also carried out to monitor the progress of the treatment. If the applied treatment brings small results, then they can be corrected.

Dandruff treatment

If oily dandruff is found, it will be necessary to introduce a well-tailored treatment. The disease is caused by fungi. Therefore, a good solution would be to give an oral antifungal preparation and apply a topical mask, cream or shampoo. In the composition of topically applied drugs, we find salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, ketoconazole or 1-methylnicotinamide chloride, the best. The concentration of active ingredients is selected depending on the severity of the disease.

Home remedies for dandruff

Daily scalp care is the key to reduce symptoms and curing the disease. It is very important to choose the right shampoo for everyday use. It is best to give up drying your hair with a dryer and strong hair styling products. Nutrients, contained in high-quality cosmetics, will affect the condition of the scalp and hair in a positive way. You need to pay attention to your daily diet and provide the right number of vitamins and minerals.

Home remedies for dandruff

Home remedies for dandruff

Very important are vitamin B, A and E, calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc and iron. To prevent various diseases, you need to pay attention to physical activity and relaxation techniques. They will reduce the negative impact of stress on the human body.

Last update: 20 November 2020

Dr Piotr Turkowski

About Dr Piotr Turkowski

Aesthetic medicine doctor, specialist and enthusiastic surgery, completing the specialization in plastic surgery. The only officially registered member of the international hair restoration surgery (ISHRS) in Warsaw, which brings together the world's best specialists in this field.