Carbon dioxide, thanks to its properties, gives oxygenating and antioxidant effects. It is a physiological gas that, when injected subcutaneously, causes increased oxygenation of the surrounding tissues at the injection site. It is the result of an immediate reaction of the body that interprets the carboxytherapy process as an oxygen deficiency. In the tissues, carbon dioxide reacts with water molecules and the formation of carbonic acid lowers the pH of the surrounding tissues. As a result, the rate of gas exchange increases. Intracutaneously applied carbon dioxide also causes small vessels to widen and stimulate the production of new capillaries.
Repeating the treatment leads to the formation of new blood vessels, increased blood flow, improved blood supply as well as increased oxygenation and nourishment of the hair follicles. Increasing oxygenation in tissues, on the other hand, improves cell metabolism, increases metabolic processes and the possibilities of cell growth and reproduction. Carbon dioxide also contributes to the stimulation of regenerative processes. Injections of this gas cause skin inflammation, which increases the synthesis of collagen and elastin. As a result, the skin gains regeneration and nourishment. On the other hand, lowering the ph increases the elasticity of collagen fibers. It is also worth noting that the administration of CO2 brings about a skin repair process.
The procedure itself is minimally invasive and does not require convalescence. The effects are visible after a series of treatments, the number of which is adjusted to the individual needs of the patient. The best results can be seen after 3 – 4 treatments in the form of reducing hair loss, accelerating hair growth and obtaining new regrowth, thickening of the hair shaft, and improvement of the condition of the scalp. The big advantage is the fact that carboxytherapy can be combined with needle mesotherapy and platelet-rich plasma. The trichologist always informs the patient about the possibility of combining the treatments and supplementing them with home treatment.
Immediately after the procedure, a slight bulge and redness may occur under the patient’s scalp due to the expansion of blood vessels. However, these symptoms disappear 30 minutes after the treatment.